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2018中考英语定语从句的用法

时间:2017-11-09 14:10:24来源:2018中考网 作者:2018中考网 点击:
2018中考英语定语从句的用法
 
  定语从句的功用和结构
 
  在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定从句修饰的词叫做先行词。定语从句必须放在先行词之后。引导定语从句的关联词有关系代词和关系副词。例如:
 
  This is the present that he gave me for my birthday.
 
  Do you know everybody who came to the party?
 
  I still remember the night when I first came to the village?
 
  This is the place where Chairman Mao once lived.
 
  定语从句中只能用which
 
  定语从句中只能用which,不能用that的几种情况:
 
  1. 在介词后面的关系代词用which而不能用that。即“介词+which(代物)” 例如:
 
  The picture for which he paid $1,000 was once owned by a duke.
 
  他花了1000美元买下的画曾为一名公爵所拥有。
 
  The building in which Han Mei studied was very old.
 
  韩梅在里边学习的那幢大楼很旧。
 
  2. 在非限定性定语从句中不能用that。例如:
 
  Crusoe's dog, which was very old now, became ill and died.
 
  克鲁索的狗,现在已经很老了,病死了。
 
  3. 有两个定语从句,其中一个关系代词已有which,另一个宜用that。相反,如果其中一个为that,另一个宜用which。
 
  Edison built up a factory which produced things that had never been seen before.
 
  爱迪生办了一个工厂,生产过去从未见过的东西。
 
  Let me show you the novel that I borrowed from the library which was newly open to us.
 
  让我给你看看我从新开放的图书馆借来的小说。

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