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2018年中考英语易错知识点大盘点(附加各类题型哦)

时间:2017-10-09 16:49:43来源:2018中考网 作者:2018中考网 点击:
2018年中考英语易错知识点大盘点(附加各类题型哦)
 
  1. good,well,nice,fine
 
  good是涵义最广的常用词,属一般用语,主要指“人的品质好”或“东西的质量好”等意思。如:
 
  Milk is good for children.
 
  牛奶对儿童有益。
 
  John is a good worker.
 
  约翰是一名好工人。
 
  nice带有一定的感情色彩,着重强调人们的感觉,含有“漂亮的”、“美妙的”、“美味的”等意思,也可表示对人“友好和蔼”。如:
 
  The chips are nice.
 
  这些炸土豆条很好吃。
 
  Nice to meet you.很高兴见到您。
 
  fine侧重于表示“质量精细”、“身体健康”,还可以表示“天气晴”等意,语气比good重。如:
 
  —How are you?你身体好吗?
 
  —Fine,thank you.很好,谢谢你。
 
  It is a fine day today.今天天气晴朗。
 
  well常用作副词,修饰动词,也可用作形容词(仅作表语),表示“身体好”、“健康的”、“顺利的”等意。如:
 
  My grandma is very well.我奶奶身体很好。
 
  Liu Ning speaks English well.刘宁英语讲得很好。
 
  2. tall与high;short与low
 
  说人、动物、树木等有生命的东西,要用tall,不用high,如a tall woman一个高个子妇女。
 
  high表示不与地面接触的人或物的高,或人站在桌子上、飞机飞上天空的高度等。如:
 
  He is high up in the tree.
 
  他高高地爬在树上。
 
  The plane is so high in the sky.
 
  飞机在空中这么高。
 
  指建筑物、山时用tall或high都可以,不过high的程度比tall高。
 
  high可作副词,tall不能。
 
  tall的反义词为short,high的反义词为low。
 
  指人(树、楼)的个子时用tall与short;指其他事物(含价格price时)一般用high与low。如:
 
  He's very tall/short.他个子高/矮。
 
  Tall trees are standing on both sides of that avenue.
 
  大道的两侧有高大的树木。
 
  A few people live on high mountains.
 
  少量的人住在高山上。
 
  3. real与true
 
  (1)real指客观上存在,并非想象和虚构的,它是与“无”相对而言。如:
 
  Mo Yan's real name is Guan Moye.
 
  莫言的真名字是管谟业。
 
  (2)true是指“真正的”,“真实的”,强调事实和实际情况相符,它是与“假”相对而言。如:
 
  The news is true.这消息是真的。(不是假消息)
 
  4. interested与interesting
 
  interesting指人或东西“有趣的”,作定语或表语,而interested则表示人对别的事物“感兴趣的”,只能作表语(excited/exciting;bored/boring等类似)。如:
 
  The teacher is very interesting and all the children like him.
 
  那个老师很有趣,孩子们都喜欢他。
 
  This cartoon movie is really interesting. Most kids like it.
 
  这部卡通电影确实有意思。大部分孩子都喜欢。
 
  Li Lei is very interested in physics.
 
  李磊对物理非常感兴趣。
 
  5. whole与all
 
  记住两个词序:the whole+名词;all(of) the+名词。如:
 
  He was busy the whole morning.
 
  整个早晨他都很忙。
 
  He can remember all the words he learns.
 
  他能记住学过的所有单词。
 
  6. lonely与alone
 
  lonely是表示心理活动的形容词,意思是“孤独的,寂寞的,荒凉的”,作定语或表语;alone的意思是“独自的,单独的”,指无人陪伴,仅作表语,作为副词的alone可作状语。如:
 
  He lives alone but he doesn't feel lonely.
 
  他一人独住,但是并不感到孤独。
 
  He is a lonely person. You can not easily get on well with him.
 
  他是个孤独的人,你要和他相处好实在不易。
 
  7. sick与ill
 
  sick和ill都表示“生病的”,但是sick可以作定语、表语,而ill只能做表语。如:
 
  He has been ill/sick for a long time and he is very weak now.
 
  他病了很久,现在非常虚弱。
 
  Vets help treat sick pets and most of the pets owners like them.
 
  兽医帮助诊治患病的宠物,很受宠物主人们的喜爱。
 
  提分策略
 
  形容词是历年中考英语试题语法考点之一。近年来中考对形容词的考查重点主要有两个方面:一、考查形容词的语法作用——作表语、宾语补足语和修饰不定代词等。二、考查形容词辨析用法及其比较级、最高级和同级比较。解题时,要注意以下两个方面。
 
  1. 形容词词意辨析
 
  形容词词意辨析是中考考查的主要内容,这就要求考生熟记常用易混形容词,能结合具体语境准确使用形容词。
 
  【例1】 (2014· 山东枣庄·16)Tom doesn't like thrillers because it's.
 
  A. funny B. interesting
 
  C. exciting D. scary
 
  【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。汤姆不喜欢恐怖片,因为它可怕,不是滑稽、有趣或激动人心,所以选D。
 
  【答案】D
 
  【例2】 (2014·浙江温州·3)Leo was so that he rushed to the kitchen,hoping to find something to eat.
 
  A. thirsty B. hungry
 
  C. tired D. sleepy
 
  【解析】 考查形容词词义辨析。由从句句意“他冲向厨房,希望找到吃的东西”判断,Leo饿了,不是渴了、累了或困了,所以选B。
 
  【答案】 B
 
  【例3】 (2013·黑龙江牡丹江 ·6)There isn't much traffic near his house. He lives in a neighborhood.
 
  A. quiet B. noisy C. dirty
 
  【解析】 考查形容词的用法。根据前句句意“在他家附近没有很多车辆”可以推测出他住在一条安静的街道上,quiet意为安静的,noisy意为吵闹的,dirty意为脏的,所以选择答案A。
 
  【答案】 A
 
  【例4】 (2013·浙江湖州·23)My new neighbor is so that he enjoys meeting and talking to people.
 
  A. shy B. outgoing
 
  C. quiet D. smart
 
  【解析】 考查形容词辨析。句意:我的新邻居是如此外向,他很喜欢与人交谈。outgoing,外向的、开朗的,与后面的“enjoys meeting and talking to people”对应。
 
  【答案】 B
 
  2. 形容词比较等级及其特殊用法
 
  中考对于形容词的考查集中在原级、比较级和最高级的基本句型上,这是中考试题的重点所在。具体来讲,特别要注意下面几点:(1)判断是哪一种句型;(2)根据句子的意思来判断;(3)能够根据句子中的一些修饰语做出正确判断。
 
  【例1】 (2014·浙江杭州·25)Of the two shirts,I'd like to choose the one to save some money for a cap.
 
  A. cheapest B. cheaper
 
  C. more expensive D. most expensive
 
  【解析】 考查形容词最高级用法。由不定式(为了省点钱买顶帽子)判断,在两件衬衫中,作者想选择较便宜的一件,不是更贵、最贵的或更便宜的一件,所以选B。
 
  【答案】 B
 
  【例2】 (2013·广东·33)—What do you think of the film So Young directed by Zhao Wei?
 
  —Wonderful. I think it's than the other films about youth in recent years.
 
  A. the best B. the worst
 
  C. much better D. much worst
 
  【解析】 考查比较级的用法。由Wonderful可知电影好看,排除B、D,than前面为比较级,much可以修饰比较级。所以选择答案C。
 
  【答案】 C
 
  【例3】 (2012·江苏南通·13)Bob often says that swimming is than hiking in reducing weight, but he always spends more time on swimming.
 
  A. less useful B. less interesting
 
  C. more useful D. more interesting
 
  【解析】 考查形容词比较级的用法。从后面的than可知用比较级,后面的but可知与前面内容相反,but 引出的内容是“花更多的时间在游泳上”。可知前面相反的是“无用的”。故选A。
 
  【答案】 A
 
  专项训练
 
  1. (2014·山东菏泽·4)—I can't afford the white sweater. Can you show me another one?
 
  —What about the orange one? The price is a little .
 
  A. cheaper B. higher
 
  C. lower D. more expensive
 
  2. (2014·山东济南·34)Shao Shuai is one of the boys in China. We should learn from him.
 
  A. thankful B. more thankful
 
  C. most thankful D. less thankful
 
  3. (2014·`江苏盐城 ·9)The old town of Lijiang is with tourists for its beautiful old buildings.
 
  A. popular B. famous
 
  C. special D. for
 
  4. (2014·上海奉贤区·36)Dear students,please read every sentence carefully. you are,mistakes you'll make.
 
  A. The more carefully;the fewer
 
  B. The more careful;the less
 
  C.The more carefully;the less
 
  D. The more careful;the fewer
 
  5. (2014·湖北鄂州·32)—Dad,I think I am to get back to school.
 
  —Not really,dear. You'd better stay at home for two days.
 
  A. so well B. so good
 
  C. good enough D. well enough
 
  6. (2013·天津)A 100-year-old man ran a marathon in Toronto on Sunday. He became the person to complete the long-distance running in the world.
 
  A. youngest B. best
 
  C. biggest D. oldest
 
  7. (2013·四川成都)—Math is too difficult,I nearly give it up.
 
  —Please don't;nothing is if you put your heart into it.
 
  A. important B. impossible C. interesting
 
  8. (2013·福建泉州)—I hear Michael never tells a lie.
 
  —That's right. He is an boy.
 
  A. active B. honest C. outgoing
 
  9. (2013·河北)Mo Yan is Chinese writer that won the Nobel Prize in 2012.
 
  A. popular B. more popular
 
  C. most popular D. the most popular
 
  10. (2013·江苏南京)—Why are you so , Amy?
 
  —I thought I lost my wallet,but I didn't. I found it in my bag!
 
  A. angry B. happy C. sad D. nervous
 
  【参考答案】
 
  1—5 CCABD 6—10 DBBDB

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